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 Dhavaleswaram

Dhavalaiswaram or  Dhavaleswaram anglicised as Dowlaiswaram, is a suburb situated near Rajahmundry in the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India.It was part of Rajahmundryurban agglomeration. It is approximately four kilometres distance from Rajahmundry. Dhavaleswaram is close to national highway-5. It is well connected by roadways.

The hill here known as Dhavalagiri, is noted as the main among nine Janardanas. There is a tunnel at this place at Narada Guha or Narada's Cave. It is believed that there is a path leading to Kasi from here. Dhavaleswaram is 3 km from Rajahmundry, believed to be the abode of Agasteeswara.

Sir Arthur Cotton built a barrage across river Godavari here. The Sir Arthur Cotton museum is located in Dowlaiswaram. It contains many pictures describing the working of the dam and display of the tools used during the construction. This barrage provides water for East and West Godavari for agricultural purposes. There is a Sir Arthur Cotton statue in the village. Another attraction is boating on the Godavari.

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Travel tips to Dhavaleswaram


Sri Laxmi Janardhana Swamy Temple , Dhavaleswaram

 Laxmi Janardhanswami Devastanam

The Sri Laxmi Janardhana Swamy temple is situated on the hill top in Dhavaleswaram. One temple of Lord Shiva is situated just beside the hill and another temple is situated just beside the river Godawari near pushkara ghat. On the main road there is Ramalayam Temple. There is Ankallamma and Muthyallamma temple in the middle nearer to shiva temple. The Radhotsavam chariot festival in English in shiva temple is very famous in East Godavari district, thousands of people attend to this ritual and have darshan or glimpse of lord shiva. This event falls on Bhishma-ekadashi day. This Radham is very big. Millions[citation needed] of people take holy bath during godavari pushkaras at the two main ghats. One is near to Lord shiva temple. Sri Rama Padalu, foot prints of ram are there near another ghat situated near the godavari. So that the ghat is named as "Ramapadala Revu". One more temple at the starting (coming from Rajahmundry to Dowlaiswaram) of the village 'Shri Shirdi Saibaba Mandir' is also well known in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Near the temple of Lord shiva there is well known point where the foot prints of Lord Rama and hanuma were situated.

 Laxmi Janardhanswami Devastanam

Sri Agastheswaraswami Devasthanam , Dhavaleswaram

Sri Annapurna Sameta Kasi Visweswaraswami Temple

 

Sri Rama Pada Kshetram , Dhavaleswaram


Sri Rama Pada Kshetram


Sri Rama Pada Kshetram

 


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Sir Arthur Thomas Cotton :


Rajaraja Narendra


Arthur Cotton was born on 15 May 1803 as tenth son to Mr. and Mrs. Henry Calvely Cotton. He was one of eleven brothers, who lived honorable lives through all the vicissitudes of their different careers. At the age of 15 i.e., in 1818 Cotton joined as a cadet for Military at Addiscombe where cadets for Artillery and Engineering Service of East India Company received training. He was appointed to the Royal Engineers as Second Lieutenant in 1819.

Lieutenant Cotton started his career with Ordnance Survey in Wales in January 1820 where he received a high praises for his admirable reports. When he was 18 (i.e., 1821) he was appointed for service in India and attached to the Chief Engineer to Madras initially and later appointed as an Assistant Engineer to Superintending Engineer of Tank Department, Southern Division from 1822 to 1824. Cotton spent partly in the Irrigation Tank Department and partly in Military duties in Burma.

After return from Burma, Cotton has conducted marine survey of Pamban passage between India and Ceylon. Cotton was promoted to the rank of "Captain" in 1828 and was in charge of Investigation for Cauveri Scheme. The Cauveri Anicut( dam) was successful and paved the way for great projects on Godavari and Krishna Rivers. In 1844 Cotton recommended the construction of "Anicut( dam )" with Channels, Embankments, and roads of Godavari Delta, prepared plans for Visakhapatnam port. In 1847 the work on Godavari Anicut was started.

In 1848 he proceeded to Australia due to ill health and handed over the charge to Captain Orr. In 1850 returned to India and promoted as Colonel. Cotton made best use of local materials, that he had in the shape of Hydraulic lime, good stone, and excellent teak available in the neighborhood. He succeeded in completing the magnificent project on Godavari river at Dowleswaram in 1852. In the same year work on Gannavaram Aqueduct was also commenced.

After completing the Godavari Anicut Cotton shifted his attention to the construction of Aqueduct on Krishna River. The project was sanctioned in 1851 and completed by 1855. After completing the Krishna and Godavari Anicuts, Cotton envisaged of storages of Krishna and Godavari rivers

In 1858 Cotton came up with still more ambitious proposals connecting almost all major rivers of India and suggested drought relief measures in Orissa and interlinking of canals and rivers. Arthur Cotton was retired from the service in 1860 and was knighted in 1861 and left India. In 1862 and 1863 visited India and offered advice on some river valley projects.

His work in India was so much appreciated and honored with K.C.S.I (Knight Commander of Supreme India) in 1877. The Spiritual solace strengthened and comforted him until the very end of his earthly mission i.e. the 24th of July 1899 at the age of 96 years. He is a much revered figure in the state of Andhra Pradesh for his contribution in irrigating the area of land also known as Konaseema.

In India due to his contributions the new barrage constructed across River Godavari Upstream side of the Anicut was also named after him and dedicated to the Nation by the Honorable Prime Minister of India in 1982.

His tombstone reads as follows: Waiting for the coming of our Lord In Loving Memory of Arthur Thomas Cotton K.C.S.I. General Madras Engineers. Who Entered Into Rest 24 July 1899, Our Savior Jesus Christ Hath Abolished Death And Brought Life and Immortality To Light Through the Gospel. 2 Tim: 1.10 Also of Elizabeth Cotton Wife Of The Above Who Died 5 December 1907 Great Peace Have They Which Love Thy Law.

Cotton is revered in the Godavari District for making it the 'rice bowl' of Andhra Pradesh. Cotton is widely known as the 'Delta Architect' of the Godavari District because of his pioneering work in irrigation engineering through his construction of the anicut system. His efforts transformed the Godavari River system from a threatening and deadly natural force into a tame and fertile water resource. Throughout both East and West Godavari Districts, Cotton is often depicted on horseback.


Background

Thomas Cotton went to attend an interview for the post of an engineer. There were three candidates, including himself. All that the selectors told them was to have a 'good sleep' and were provided three separate beds. The candidates did what they were told. While the other two candidates slept happily, poor Cotton could not get a wink of sleep. However, after some time, he slept happily.

The next day, all the three were asked if they slept happily by the selectors. While all the three nodded in the affirmative, Cotton added that he felt restless while on the bed bending down, he realised that one of the four legs of the bed was a little high. To his surprise he found a pound beneath one of the legs, which he promptly removed. That was the catch set up by the selectors.

Sir Cotton was hated by his administrative superiors thanks to his loving attitudes towards the people of India.At one point impeachment proceedings were initiated by his superiors for his dismissal

Going through the famine and cyclone-ravaged districts of Godavari, Cotton was distressed by the sight of famished people of the Godavari districts It was then that he put in process his ambitious plans to harness the waters of the mighty Godavari for the betterment of the humanity.

John Henry Morris in Godavari writes about the work of Sir Cotton thus:

The Godavari anicut is, perhaps, the noblest feat of engineering skill which has yet been accomplished in British India. It is a gigantic barrier thrown across the river from island to island, in order to arrest the unprofitable progress of its waters to the sea, and to spread them over the surface of the country on either side, thus irrigating copiously land which has hitherto been dependent on tanks or on the fitful supply of water from the river. Large tracts of land, which had hitherto been left arid and desolate and waste, were thus reached and fertilized by innumerable streams and channels.

In 1878, Cotton had to appear before a House of Commons Committee to justify his proposal to build an anicut across the Godavari. A further hearing in the House of Commons followed by his letter to the then Secretary of State for India shows about his ambitiousness to built the anicut across the Godavari. His final sentence in that letter reads like this: My Lord, one day's flow in the Godavari river during high floods is equal to one whole years' flow in the Thames River of London.Cotton was almost despaired by the British Government's procrastination in taking along this project.

That Government of India's plans to interlink rivers was long envisioned by Cotton is a fact.

While at Rajahmundry, Arthur Cotton used to attend the Church of the Godavari Delta Mission.

Sir Arthur Cotton Museum

Sir Arthur Cotton Museum

Sir Arthur Cotton Museum was inaugurated by the Hon'ble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Sri Nadamuri Tarakarama Rao on 25.2.1988 and the Museum is located in the building which was previously under the occupation of Executive Engineer, Godavari Head Works Division Dhavaleswaram. This museum was started with an intention to educate the people, how the great Engineer Sir Arthur Cotton during those olden days constructed the mighty anicut across Godavari river and converted the lands of East and West Godavari Districts as very fertile. The Museum also narrates the construction of present Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage constructed with the advance engineering skill.


Sir Arthur Cotton Museum

Lot of Models collected from various places and projects were exhibited in the Museum to attract the visitors, and to make them understand various items connected to Irrigation works. An old anicut model true to its size together with 3 ft. falling shutters, rail track, and plough machine which was originally used for lifting shutters on the ancient. The machinery of various types which were used at the time of construction of ancient (OLD) are also preserved and kept open for viewers. A model drawing depicting 4 arms of the New Barrage, with 3 Head sluices and 3 scour sluices is also an exhibit in the Museum. Sir Arthur Cotton at the entrance and statue of Cotton riding horse and beautiful fountain jalatarali are also feast to the eyes of visitors to the museum. A nominal entry fee of Rs.1.00 per child and Rs.2.00 per Adults and and Rs.5.00 per photography is fixed for visiting the Museum.

Even with the above nominal entry fee an amount of Rs.3,000/- per month an average is being realised and Remitted to Government. Beside the above, number of lawns, flower plants, croton plants, and decorative plants, in the garden around the Museum contributes to the pleasant Greenery.

Probably this is the only Civil Engineering Museum Established and Maintained in the State of Andhra Pradesh. Besides distinguished visitors from Andhra Pradesh. Visitors from other states, and other countries are visiting the museum. This museum is being visited by the students of Engineering Institutions as a part of their Educational tours to understand the Engineering skills available in olden days the commitment of Engineers of yester years and present days also.

House of Sir Arthur Cotton


House of Sir Arthur Cotton

Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage ( Dhavaleshwaram )


Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage ( Dhavaleshwaram )

Dowlaiswaram,is a suburb situated near Rajahmundry in the East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, India.It was part of Rajahmundry urban agglomeration. It is approximately four kilometres distance from Rajahmundry. Dhavaleswaram is close to national highway-5. It is well connected by roadways.

Sir Arthur Cotton built a barrage across river Godavari here. The Sir Arthur Cotton museum is located in Dowlaiswaram. It contains many pictures describing the working of the dam and display of the tools used during the construction. This barrage provides water for East and West Godavari for agricultural purposes. There is a Sir Arthur Cotton statue in the village. Another attraction is boating on the Godavari.


Sir Arthur Cotton Barrage ( Dhavaleshwaram )

N.M.E. Lutheran Church


N.M.E.LutheranChurch

Luthern church is the ancient church present in davaleshswaram. Which is well known with the name Nikkam Memorial Emanual Luthern Church. As this the biggest construction in and around that area so it is al so called as big church and belongs to Andhra Evangical Mission. their was another speciality for this church is we can see a very big bell on the top of the church's tower which also shows the hardwork of our past people.

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